Query

In order to identify some specific sub-controversies we may want to focus on in the rest of the project, we are launching our crawling/scraping spiders.
To do so, we have looking for a query that would be both ‘exhaustive’ (allowing us to find all the pertinent websites and scientific articles) and ’specific’ (allowing us to find just the pertinent websites and scientific articles).

Here is what we came up with:
(“climate change” OR “global warming” OR “climate warming”) AND (adapt* OR vulnerab*)

If you think that this query may be improved, please comment this blog and tell us how.

3 Responses to “Query”

  1. After using this query to explore the web and find adaptation related web sites, I would be in favor to add “resilience” or “resilient” as an alternative to “adaptation” or vulnerability”.
    It would make the query :
    (“climate change” OR “global warming” OR “climate warming”) AND (adapt* OR vulnerab* OR resilien*)

    It seems to me that the term resilience comes from a different political sphere than adaptation. It is more connected with transition to a post-coal society and sustainable development (and of course psychological resilience …) etc. but makes interesting partial connections with adaptation to climate change which actors use up to sometimes merging both terms.
    Axel

  2. Resilience could indeed be added to the the list of terms of the query. This would broaden our search for appropriate controversies. But by introducing resilience we would also open the project to another sphere or, let’s say, an additional concept in climate change impact research. Let me try to comment on the different terms of adaptation and resilience.

    The IPCC developed a framework for assessing the vulnerability of systems (societies, regions, ecosystems) to a changing climate (see e. g. http://www.massey.ac.nz/~trauma/issues/2010-1/ts-fig2.gif). The concept has the following rationale: exposition (changes of climate parameters) + sensitivity (of a system) = climate change impact (on that system); climate change impact + adaptive capacity (the ability to take action against climate change effects) = vulnerability to climate change. Vulnerability is thus used to describe the results of an assessment of the interactions between physical (weather, climate) changes and socio-economic settings (sensitivity) and actions (adaptation).

    The IPCC also uses the term resilience, however, not in the field of climate change impact/vulnerability assessment. Resilience characterises how a system responds to a certain impact. The IPCC defines resilience as follows: “The ability of a social or ecological system to absorb disturbances while retaining the same basic structure and ways of functioning, the capacity for self-organisation, and the capacity to adapt to stress and change” (for this and other definitions such as adaptation, impact, sensitivity and vulnerability see the IPCC glossary at http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/syr/ar4_syr_appendix.pdf).

    Resilience in the first instance has a descriptive character. However, the term can be also used in a normative way. Some authors (e. g. Godschalk et al. 2003, http://www.tc.umn.edu/~blume013/Godschalk_urb_haz_mit2003.pdf) use the term as a guiding principle and suggest how to apply its principles to physical and social elements of cities. In some countries (e. g. Germany) resilience was introduced into spatial planning: Cities and regions shall be developed in a way that they become resilient towards stress from natural hazards or climate change.

    Mark

  3. Some more suggestions for the query keyword combinations:
    - „climate change“ + adapt*
    - climat* + local + adapt*
    - climat* + vulnerab* + adapt*
    - spatial + climat* + adapt*
    Mark

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